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The practice of designing has common features, regardless of the domain in which it is exercised. The artifacts designed may have physical form, as in mechanical and civil engineering, graphic design, architecture and physical planning; or they may be non- physical, such as software, music, dance, or economic plans. No matter what domain, designing involves certain characteristic activities that must be learned. Surprisingly, architecture is one of the few subjects where design is the primary focus of university education; therefore architectural education offers valuable lessons for teaching design in other domains.